Types of malocclusion


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General Dental Care
BS (CSU), BDS, PgDipSci (Otago)

Malocclusion is a common type of dental developmental anomaly that your dentist can help correct. Malocclusion can present in many forms. There are two main categories: tooth-related malocclusion (such as crooked, rotated, small or malformed teeth, and spaced teeth) and skeletal-related malocclusion – either overbite (prognathism), or underbite (retrognathism).

Overbite is when the upper arch is positioned in front of the lower arch, giving a presentation of prominent front teeth. “Horse-like look” is a common description of this type. Underbite is when the lower arch is positioned in front of the upper arch, giving a presentation of a prominent chin. “Bulldog look” is a common description of this type.

Malocclusions are usually present in a mix of both tooth- and skeletal-related types. 

As a dentist, one question I’m asked repeatedly is “Do I have to fix my bite?” And the answer is not always yes. What is important to know is that if you don’t like the look of your teeth or feel there is “something wrong” with your bite, your dentist can help. Many times a malocclusion can be left untreated; however, if you dislike the look of your teeth or your dentist is noticing detrimental side effects such as excessive wear, joint pain, swallowing or sleep apnea then it might be best to correct the anomaly to benefit your wellbeing. 


How are malocclusions corrected by your dentist?

Dentistry has many solutions to this condition – from simple fillings to orthodontics or even surgery.

Regardless of your age, your Melbourne dentist Smile Solutions, with its comprehensive team of orthodontic specialists and general dentists, will be able to provide a suitable treatment for any malocclusion. Feel free to visit us and have an honest discussion about your particular problem, whether it be overbite or underbite or some other anomaly. We will diagnose your condition, help you understand the repercussions (or lack thereof) of your individual bite and discuss all your options with you.

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*The contents of this blog post are of a general nature only and may not apply to your specific circumstances. As every person is different we always recommend that you visit a qualified dental practitioner to obtain tailored dental advice to suit your own specific needs.

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