We have bacteria in our oral cavities, mouths. In the presence of food debris and saliva, these microorganisms can form a very specific coating that sticks to teeth surfaces and the inner layers of gum. This sticky structure is “plaque”. Tooth brushing, using interdental brushes and dental floss can remove plaque. If plaque is not cleaned accurately and frequently, it converts to a tougher structure, named “calculus” or “tartar”. Tartar can be cleaned only with professional treatments.
“Plaque induced gingivitis” is inflammation of the gum resulting from long standing existence of plaque. Gums could become swollen and red and the inner surface of the gingivae may become ulcerated. Like other ulcers, these micro ulcers bleed if they are physically touched, which happens during brushing. Plaque induced gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease and can be cured with optimum oral hygiene and regular cleaning by your dentist, or hygienist.
It is worth noting that there are other forms of gingivitis with different causative factors such as hormonal changes, specific medications, some systemic diseases, malnutrition and heredity. It is recommended to see your dentist or dental hygienist if you experience signs of gingivitis.