Redness or bleeding of the gums while brushing your teeth, using dental floss or biting into hard food is common, but it is not normal.
Healthy gums do not bleed.
The longer you leave your bleeding gums untreated, the greater your risk of periodontal damage, so it’s important to make an appointment with your dentist as soon as possible for treatment.
There are many reasons gums bleed, but all should be referred to, and treated by, your dentist.
Bleeding gums are often an indication that gums are inflamed. Inflammation is usually a response to bacteria on the surface of the teeth; and this is called Gingivitis.
Bleeding gums may also be a result of rough cleaning. Gum tissue is delicate and brushing too hard, with incorrect technique or with a toothbrush that’s too firm, may be causing trauma. Traumatic cleaning may also result in the gums receding (gingival recession), and increase your risk of over-sensitive teeth or movement in the teeth.
Other serious medical conditions
Bleeding gums are sometimes associated with serious medical conditions and inflammation elsewhere in the body. In some people, bleeding gums have been associated with stroke, heart attack or hardening of the arteries. Those with diabetes or who struggle to control blood glucose levels may also have higher susceptibility to periodontal inflammation.
What should I do if I have bleeding gums?
If you experience bleeding gums, bad breath (or a bad taste in your mouth), receding gums, sensitive teeth, loose teeth or teeth that have moved, contact your dentist as soon as possible.
Good dental hygiene is important in preventing gum disease and bleeding gums. As well as your six monthly dental appointments you should be having six monthly appointments with a hygienist so your teeth can be thoroughly cleaned by a professional. They will be able to clean areas that you may not be able to properly reach and will also give you a fluoride treatment. If you need help with your cleaning routine they will show you correct brushing and flossing techniques to help ensure healthy teeth and gums.
If required, you may need to be referred to a periodontist who is a specialist in treating gum disease. Periodontal treatment involves careful, deep cleaning of the teeth to remove the cause of the problem.
To make an appointment to see a Smile Solutions dentist, hygienist or specialist, please call us on 9650 4920.